‘Happiness can exist only in acceptance’ George Orwell
Yes, it proved to be true. The more you are ready to accept anything and face it, whether a situation or person, the closer you are to the solution. This forms the underlying principle of Acceptance and commitment therapy or ACT. The ACT is a behavioural and psychological therapy, created by Steve Hayes in 1986. Based on the practice mindfulness, it is currently supported by a large amount of successful empirical data worldwide as an effective clinical treatment. The therapy is all about accepting whatever it is and committing to action for betterment. Through mindfulness, the ACT aims at creating awareness of our inner being in accepting the reality that ever it is, rather than ignoring the same. Because acceptance led us to a solution while ignoring the fact increases the span of the problem.
Life is a collar roaster ride for everyone. No matter who he is, life spreads its own predetermined stock of joys and sorrows. ACT teaches the skill to do the needful in making an enriching and fuller life. Someway or the other, we remain entangled in all possible ways of suffering and pain. The ACT aims to increase the psychological flexibility of a mind, in making it adaptable to different situations.
Therefore the whole therapy focuses on:
- Accepting the unwanted pain which is out of our personal control. ( yes, I have this problem…)
- A commitment and action towards living a fuller life. ( now, what next ? what can I do to get rid of it or make it better..)
the therapy uses six core processes. The gist of those are:
- Defusion or Cognitive Defusion: Firstly, watching your thoughts. Examining the truthfulness of thoughts that are bothering, or doubting your thoughts. ( which may be or may not be true)
- Acceptance: Acknowledging your thoughts. Sometimes it is necessary to surrender for time being to actually realize through what you are going through.
- Self as context awareness: Create self-awareness. Awaken your inner being.
- Values: Realize what is important for you. Prioritize your values in life.
- Committed Action: Do what it takes to make a better life for you, and stay committed in your actions.
The human mind is a dangerous thing. It easily fluctuates between destructive and constructive thoughts. And ACT assumes that our psychological process is more prone to a destructive mode and tends to stay in that mode for a longer time. ACT frames and re- frames our mental wiring, for a better-composed thought process.