According to WHO, mental disorders or illness are generally characterised by a combination of abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotions, behaviour and relationships with others. Though it sounds clinical, in simple words, when our mind and its associated emotions are not in order, it can be called a mental disorder.
It can be anything that we display in our daily life, be it our excessive anger, anxiety, stress, a depressed and non-enthusiastic feeling of mind etc. We often ignore such feelings, unless it makes noticeable changes in our characters. But, in a lighter node, they are called illness only when such emotional disorderliness hampers and overpowers our daily activities, and becomes detrimental to personal growth.
Causes of mental illness can be genetic, environmental effect, Injury in the brain, or prolonged use of abusing substances.
Mental illnesses are curable with time. The unique characteristics of our brain called neuroplasticity bring the scope of the treatment of such disorders. Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to change its physical structure and function through thought, emotion and activity. So, with that privilege, it is now possible to use the plasticity character of our brain to give conscious exposure to recovering thoughts. The most common and we known mental disorders are:
1. Anxiety disorders: We all more or less become anxious at times when we get worried about something, or the other. But, excessive worry, tension, or fearful about anything that has happened or anticipating to happen in future, can lead to anxiety disorder. It can be called as a disorder when the said reaction is not proportionate with the intensity of the happening, or when there is frequent panic attacks of anxiety, or when one fails to perform his or her daily activities out of anxiety. It is also associated with faster heart rate, palpitation, high blood pressure etc.
2. Mood disorders: Mood swings are common among us humans, but frequent and extreme changes in the mood can be termed as the disorder. Extreme and persistent sadness like depression, even un-proportionate happiness or sudden fluctuations in emotions are signs of mood disorder. It is also termed as bipolar disorder, with extreme high and low moods.
3. Psychotic disorders: Psychotic disorder occurs out of distorted (or false) awareness or thinking. One with such disorder perceives or interprets the reality in a different way from others. A deformed way of thinking that defers significantly from others.
4. Eating disorders: When your relationship between you and your food becomes difficult and out of normal, it gives rise to eating disorder. A situation when eating pattern and figures of weight and body mass index shows a problematic relationship. When a person develops extreme emotions, attitude and behaviours involving weight and food, eating disorders occurs. It is not just about eating food, food may be only a way to hide or push aside any difficult emotion, a person dealing with.
5. Addiction disorders: It is also called impulse control disorder i.e a person suffering from his disorder fails to control his or her impulse to act anything that could cause harm to them or others. The person becomes so addicted to something that he becomes blind to all other activities or duties.
6. Personality disorders: Persons with rigid personality, with a peculiar way of thinking and behaviour is said to have a personality disorder. Such persons have an inflexible way of dealing with people, which are often annoying and anti-social.
7. Post-traumatic stress disorder: As the name indicates, such type of disorder develops after some traumatic or painful incident, which causes a lasting impression on the mind of the person who suffers.
8. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: When anything becomes an obsession for someone, which compels them to do certain things frequently, it can be then termed as Obsessive-compulsive disorder. For e.g, when cleanliness becomes an obsession for any person, then he or she is mentally compelled and forced to frequent washing and cleaning things.
This is my 11th post, alphabet ‘K’, for the ongoing #blogchattera2z Challenge, 2019.